Website Optimization: Top 10 Strategies to Improve Speed, UX, SEO + Tool Suggestions
Website optimization strategies help increase site traffic and conversions. Unlike search engine optimization (SEO), optimizing your website prioritizes visitors’ experience.
The following ten strategies will help to improve your website speed, user experience, mobile friendliness, accessibility, and search engine ranking. We will also explain the five main benefits of implementing website optimization.
Finally, we’ll talk about the different website optimization tools to help analyze your site’s current performance.
What Is Website Optimization?
Website optimization improves user experience, accessibility, search performance, traffic, and conversion rates. Implementing website optimization practices will help determine what currently works and what needs improvement.
The primary purpose of web optimization is to attract more visitors and create a smooth experience for them, encouraging conversions and repeat visits.
Here are some website optimization courses to help improve your skills:
Optimizing a Website for Google Search with Coursera
Learn What Website Optimization Is And How To Do It with HubSpot Academy
Website Performance Optimization with Udacity
Top 10 Website Optimization Strategies
The following ten strategies to optimize your website focus on two elements:
- User experience. Help visitors navigate your website content easily through user-friendly design, mobile responsiveness, and better accessibility.
- Growth. Increase ranking on search engine result pages (SERPs) to reach a bigger audience and improve branding.
1. Implement UI/UX Web Design Practices
Optimizing the user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) while designing your website will increase its eventual conversion rate. In fact, 80% of consumers are willing to spend more for a better user experience.
User experience design (UI/UX) practices optimize a website’s usability, accessibility, and performance. For example, Airbnb offers a smooth sales funnel by providing ideas on places to travel with numerous language and currency options.
It is essential to consider your business’ goals when implementing UI/UX practices. Your website design should support a customer journey that aligns with your website’s intent. For example, the design of an online store should help any website visitor easily make a purchase.
Here are some ways to improve your website’s user experience design:
- Optimize menus – help users find your key pages easily by adding a straightforward menu on the header and a complete menu on the footer. Use optimization tools such as menu plugins to customize them further.
- Include call-to-action (CTA) buttons – guide visitors to find more information or make purchases using CTA buttons. Their location should be clearly visible and their visual appearance should align with the overall website design.
- Improve the sales funnel – include clear steps to convert website visitors into paying customers. For example, you can add a how-to guide and provide clear transitions between each part of the transaction.
If you’re unsure where to start with your website design optimization, you can always look for design inspiration from other websites.
There are a few key things to consider when trying to determine what to improve first in your website’s UX design:
1. Take a look at your website analytics and see which pages are receiving the most traffic.
2. Consider which pages on your website have the highest bounce rate or longest time-on-page. These pages are likely in need of some improvement in terms of UX design. You can also ask your website visitors for feedback on their experience using your site.
3. Finally, consult with a professional UX designer to get expert advice on which areas of your site could use some improvement.
2. Optimize Content Marketing
Content marketing is a website optimization strategy that helps attract traffic to a site. It is a process that includes planning, creating, and distributing content that educates visitors about your products, services, and industry.
This website optimization strategy increases brand awareness, engagement, loyalty, and authority. Around 60% of marketers report that content marketing generates higher demand.
Hostinger Tutorials is an example of content marketing. It provides up-to-date guides and articles about websites, hosting, coding, and the overall industry trends.
Some of the most popular content marketing strategies include:
- Social media posts – invite a wider audience from various social media platforms to visit your website. Integrate your website with platforms like Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter using social media plugins to grow your audience faster.
- Landing pages – create personalized static web pages. Make sure to create compelling CTAs and include a direct value proposition to create a converting landing page.
- Blogs – inform website visitors on trends related to your product, service, or industry. A blog post should include relevant keywords to attract more potential customers. When you start a blog, remember to update it regularly.
- Newsletters – reach out to subscribers regularly and increase brand awareness by providing the latest updates on your product, service, or industry. A WordPress website can use newsletter plugins to optimize email marketing campaigns.
Once you know the different available strategies, consider the following tips to optimize your content marketing:
- Set goals and budget – direct your content marketing efforts better and make sure they suit your budget.
- Map content path – organize your content using tags and categories. Proper mapping can help to properly visualize your library of content and identify what might be lacking.
- Analyze and measure results – understand that not all of your content will have satisfying results, so a regular content audit will be necessary.
Different types of content marketing have different benefits, so it’s important to choose the right mix for your needs. Here are some things to consider when deciding which strategy to use:
1. Who is your target audience?
2. What type of content do they consume?
3. What are your goals? For example, is it to generate awareness, leads, or sales?
4. How much money do you have to spend?
5. How much time can you devote to creating and promoting content?
6. What type of resources do you have?
3. Improve On-Page SEO
On-page SEO is the practice of optimizing web page content for search engines. Improving it will tell search engines that your website answers visitors’ queries. As part of search engine optimization, on-page SEO helps your website rank higher on search engine results pages (SERPs).
To demonstrate, here is a query on how to build a house and the Google SERPs listing links to different websites. Google looks for websites that provide the most suitable answers to this search term.
Having a higher rank on Google SERPs will drive more organic traffic. The first five organic search results account for 67.60% of all clicks on search engines.
Here are some on-page SEO tips:
- Create blog posts – provide up-to-date information regularly to increase ranking on search engines. Follow blog SEO practices to get more conversions from your posts.
- Do keyword research – include keywords in titles, headings, alternative text (alt-text), and content. Consider using a broad keyword for some content to increase its reach. On an online store, all product pages should also include the relevant keywords.
- Use header tags – follow the header hierarchy on your web pages.
- Include meta titles and descriptions – write your own meta titles and descriptions for all pages and posts.
Using SEO tools, such as YoastSEO, will help optimize your web pages.
When it comes to SEO, focus on providing real value to your audience and not just chasing keyword volumes.
I would recommend starting with response posts, essentially responding to a question as a piece of content. An example is to create an article that answers, “How long does it take to rank on Google?”
4. Fix Technical SEO Issues
Another aspect of search engine optimization is technical SEO. Technical SEO makes it easier for search engines to find your content by improving your website’s structure.
Search engines send bots to crawl your website and rank each web page when you make a website. Here are some ways to fix common technical SEO issues:
- Improve site structure – the structure of your URLs should be consistent to map your web pages better. In addition, consistent URLs help website visitors understand where they are on the site. Create an XML sitemap so search engines have an easier time indexing your website.
- Optimize crawling and indexing – submit your website to search engines to help bots crawl it faster and more accurately.
- Find broken links and duplicate content – prevent search engines from indexing pages with broken links and duplicate content.
There are SEO tools to help analyze your current search engine performance. One of the SEO tools to use is the XML Sitemap Validator which displays any issues detected in your sitemap.
5. Speed Up Your Site
Page speed is one of the main Google’s ranking factors, which means it highly affects your ranking on SERPs. Another reason why page speed is important is that 47% of users expect an average website to load in under two seconds.
Besides understanding why page speed is important, running a website speed test is also essential. GTmetrix is a popular speed optimization tool that gives valuable insight on how fast your site loads.
After evaluating your website performance, here are some of the ways to speed your site up:
- Remove unnecessary code – optimize your site’s code by removing any unnecessary characters, such as spaces between lines.
- Set up a content delivery network (CDN) – a web hosting plan that offers a CDN option can improve website performance by replicating the static content across its data servers.
- Enable browser caching – plugins and applications are available to help browsers cache files downloaded from your server. This action improves the page speed of websites with a lot of static pages.
- Optimize your images – feature high-quality visuals that take less time to load.
Don’t forget about your host – the web hosting plan plays a vital role in your website speed. Luckily, Hostinger users can test a better plan without any commitment. We especially recommend doing this when you want to handle large traffic spikes and import large amounts of data faster.
All you have to do is activate the Plan Boosting feature from your hPanel and enjoy your new plan for free for 24 hours.
6. Prioritize Mobile-Friendliness
Mobile devices currently generate around 54.4% of all global website traffic. A mobile-friendly website is one that is responsive on any device screen. Not only does mobile optimization help reach a wider audience, but it is also effective with Google’s mobile-first indexing.
First, use Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test to check your website’s mobile-friendliness.
Here are some mobile optimization tips to consider:
- Implement clear navigation – the layout changes should not prevent mobile users from navigating the different web pages. For example, use a drop-down menu at the top of the website instead of links on the header.
- Create a responsive design – select a theme that can adjust your website layout and design to any screen size. Make sure that your content is still the same as on desktop devices as it can significantly affect your ranking with mobile-first indexing.
- Feature clear links and buttons – have clear call-to-action buttons and links that are easy to tap on a mobile device.
- Use accordions – create headings and use accordions to simplify web pages on mobile devices instead of listing all the content right away.
7. Test and Run Experiments Regularly
Website optimization prioritizes the customer journey, so testing and experimenting with your content is necessary to find what works best.
It will also help with website personalization, ensuring that your site stands out from the competition. Some of the elements to test and run experiments on include:
- CTA buttons – slight changes in style and location can affect your conversion rates.
- Layouts – find the best location for your menus, images, text, and other content.
- Social sharing placements – choose the best style and the most effective location for your social sharing buttons. For example, decide whether to use icons or social media platform names.
- Landing pages – as an essential optimization strategy, the design and layout of your landing pages should bring more conversions.
A/B testing is one of the most popular ways to test and run experiments, with around 60% of companies using it. This testing method displays two web page variations to see which one visitors interact with more. Firebase is a popular website optimization tool for A/B testing.
After deciding on an approach, consider the following tips when testing and running experiments on your website:
- Avoid cloaking – showing different URLs to bots and users is against Google’s Webmaster Guidelines. In fact, cloaking can get your site demoted or removed from SERPs.
- Set the preferred URL – use the rel=”canonical” link attribute on all testing URLs to indicate that the original URL is the preferred version. Using noindex for your testing pages can damage your ranking, so we do not recommend doing that.
- Use 302 redirects – if you redirect website visitors from the original URL to a testing URL, use the temporary 302 redirects instead of the permanent 301 redirects.
You can conduct various usability tests to improve your website. These include:
• User testing. Involve actual users to use your site and give you feedback on their experience.
• Heuristic evaluations. Have experts analyze your site and identify potential areas for improvement.
• Cognitive walkthroughs. Test your site with specific tasks in mind and see how well users are able to complete those tasks.
Another angle is to look at Google’s metrics like Core Web Vitals to see what usability is like from a performance perspective.
8. Follow Web Accessibility Best Practices
Website accessibility makes online content available for everyone and helps search engine bots find your web pages faster. Following the web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG) will drive more traffic to your site.
This website optimization strategy also increases conversion rates. The US Department of Commerce found that companies can lose around $6.9 billion a year to their competitors with more accessible sites.
Scope is an excellent example of a website that prioritizes accessibility, from its color contrast to the use of titles and headings. This website also does an accessibility test every three months.
Follow these best practices to make your site more accessible:
- Use alternative text – this both makes your images more accessible and improves visibility on search engine results.
- Insert captions – audio or video content captions help website visitors understand any piece of content without having to listen to it. We recommend using tools like Happy Scribe or VEED to save time.
- Color contrast – follow the contrast ratio of at least 4:5:1. It will improve readability and make it more accessible to people who are colorblind.
- Add page titles and headings – do this on every page to explain its content.
- Rename media files – avoid using random letters and numbers.
9. Invest in Link-Building
Link-building is the process of getting other websites to link their visitors to your website. It is one of the most important ranking factors as Google interprets other websites sharing your content as a form of authority.
In fact, the highest-ranking pages on Google have an average of 3.8 times more backlinks than those in the second to tenth positions. You can check your backlink status with Ahrefs Backlink Checker, a free optimization tool.
Some of the ways to help link-building include:
- Affiliate partnership – collaborate with other websites to link content to your website.
- Create external links – after linking your content to other websites, try contacting them to link you back.
- Reach out to communities – connect with people in your industry asking them to refer to your article in their content.
Depending on the volume and quality, investing in link-building can cost around $100-$20,000/month. Here are some elements to consider when building backlinks:
- Quality over quantity – a single quality backlink is more powerful than a hundred low-quality backlinks. Therefore, backlinks from trustworthy and popular websites are more valuable than those from spam-like websites.
- Do not buy backlinks – Google will penalize websites that buy backlinks as it is against its Webmaster Guidelines. This can damage your search engine rankings.
- Related industry – Google checks whether or not the site that links to yours is in a similar industry.
Focus on getting a lot of links organically by providing some form of unique insight. Some common ways to do this is to create a white paper or case study within your industry.
10. Use Customer Feedback to Enhance Your Site
Customer feedback shares information and ideas on improving products, services, and overall branding. It is also a great way to understand the user experience and recognize which features to keep or remove.
Getting feedback helps create more customer-oriented content, products, and services. What’s more, customer-centric companies have been found to be 60% more profitable. The information contained in customer feedback also helps with brand loyalty.
EmbedSocial provides one way to get customer feedback on a website – a feedback button.
Here are some other popular ways to get feedback from your visitors:
- Net promoter score (NPS) – get customer feedback using scales, such as the one-to-ten rating system. You can change the possible answers depending on the information you need.
- On-site surveys – this option helps get the most recent feedback by inserting a form using widgets, plugins, or pop-ups.
- Newsletter – use email marketing to contact subscribers for feedback. Often, this method includes a gift or discounts as an incentive.
- Allow reviews – include customer reviews on your website so users can provide feedback directly on a specific product or service page.
Prepare a set of questions that are related to your business needs. Remember to adjust these questions to the platform. Here are some of the most common questions to ask customers or visitors:
- How did you hear about us?
- Are you having trouble finding anything?
- How did your experience compare to your expectations?
- What is a feature you wish we had?
Bonus Step: Track and Measure Results
The aforementioned website optimization efforts will not work without proper tracking and result measuring. Even with an optimized website, it’s necessary to update it constantly and keep working on its content and design.
Important! Depending on your business goals and existing traffic, tracking and measuring results can be done daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, or annually.
To track and measure results, make sure to use an analytics tool. By doing so, you will see the effects of your efforts more easily.
Some of your website’s performance elements to keep track of include:
- Traffic – the number of users that access your website along with the average engagement time.
- Conversion rate – the conversions from engagement and the total revenue, including your online store purchases or ad clicks.
- Retention – the amount of returning users and their engagement.
- Ranking – the website’s ranking on search engines.
Why Perform Website Optimization?
Website optimization focuses on many different aspects of your site, from providing an optimal user experience to ranking higher on SERPs. Here are some of the main reasons why website optimization is essential.
Increase Conversion Rate
Around 76% of marketers agreed that an optimized digital experience affects conversions. Conversion rate optimization includes optimizing user experience design, content marketing, landing page, and mobile friendliness. These strategies are also mostly customer-oriented.
Gain More Traffic
Website optimization also drives more traffic to your site, especially with strategies related to search engine optimization. Organic searches are responsible for 53.3% of all traffic, so ranking higher on SERPs will affect the number of visitors accessing your site.
SEO efforts include improving on-page and technical website elements, speed, and accessibility.
Maintain Customer Retention
Customer retention is when a business turns clients into repeat buyers. Around 86% of customers agree that a great purchase experience encourages them to buy from the same business again. By focusing on customer retention, you will prevent them from switching to competitors.
Testing, running experiments, and getting feedback are great ways to build relationships with customers and improve their satisfaction.
Establish Brand Authority
The strategies to optimize your website include link-building, improving accessibility, and sharing content. These strategies help to establish better brand authority, especially in your industry. By providing the best customer journey, website optimization also helps to improve:
- Brand awareness – improve people’s awareness of your brand by employing content marketing strategies.
- Brand visibility – the brand will be more visible when answering users’ queries by ranking higher on SERPs.
- Brand reputation – asking for customer feedback and making your site accessible will improve your brand reputation.
- Brand experience – implementing the best UI/UX practices and improving website speed will optimize the brand experience.
Ensure Website Accessibility
In 2021, 98.1% of website homepages failed to meet accessibility guidelines. Website optimization ensures accessibility to all visitors and gives a competitive advantage.
5 Best Website Optimization Tools
Website optimization tools help with the implementation of numerous strategies. As web optimization focuses on various elements, these paid and free tools also help save time.
Here are the different types of website optimization tools:
- Analytics – find out website traffic, demographics, engagement, monetization, and other data to gauge your website’s performance.
- SEO tools – perform keyword research, improve ranking, and check the quality of your backlinks.
- Website performance optimization tools – use them to improve your website speed.
- Accessibility tools – find out if your website is accessible along with the ways to improve its accessibility.
- Conversion rate optimization tools – understand your visitors’ experience by learning their behavior and needs.
Each of the following website optimization tools belongs to a different category.
- Type: Analytics
- Notable Features: Real-time reports, suggestions to grow your site, and advertising
- Rating: 4.5 / 5
- Pricing: freemium
Google Analytics is one of the best website optimization tools with its smooth integration of Google Search. It provides detailed real-time data on your website performance and visitors. With Google Analytics, it is easier to see whether your optimization strategy is making a difference.
The free version already provides enough information for most websites. However, enterprises with high traffic can opt for the premium version, Analytics 360, starting at $150,000/year. The premium version includes guaranteed data freshness, unlimited data, advanced analysis, and support.
Connect your website to an Analytics account to begin using the tool. It is also possible to add Google Analytics to your WordPress dashboard directly. Google Analytics will show reports on acquisition, engagement, monetization, retention, and demographics.
- Type: SEO tool
- Notable Features: Core web vitals, URL inspection, and mobile usability
- Rating: 4.8 / 5
- Pricing: free
Google Search Console gives an overview of a website’s SEO performance. It is one of the best website optimization tools for keyword research, improving rankings, and correcting technical SEO issues.
To use Google Search Console, ensure it can access your website’s domain name system (DNS). When setting up your account, choose Domain instead of URL prefix to get data on your whole website.
Google Search Console will give an overview of your website performance, such as impressions and click-through rates (CTRs). In addition, there are sections for sitemaps, URL inspection, and mobile-usability. This tool will also give recommendations on how to improve your SEO.
- Type: Website performance optimization tool
- Notable Features: Page load time, image optimization, and database optimizer
- Rating: 4.5 / 5
- Pricing: free
LiteSpeed is web server software that helps accelerate your website’s performance. Its server can handle higher traffic with fewer processes which helps reduce resource usage. LiteSpeed uses a built-in server-level website cache, LiteSpeed Cache, to optimize page speed and performance.
Optimize your WordPress website with LiteSpeed Cache for free by installing the plugin. The LiteSpeed Cache plugin is also available on other content management systems (CMSs), such as Joomla, Magento, PrestaShop, and Drupal.
Once installed, request a domain key from Dashboard -> LiteSpeed Cache -> General -> Domain Key. The plugin will display website performance data, such as your page load time and PageSpeed score. It won’t be necessary to perform separate speed tests.
Enable Object Cache in the WP dashboard
Object caching is a process that stores database query results, and greatly reduces the time it takes to retrieve results. Therefore, it eliminates unnecessary load on your server and improves website response time by up to 10%.
- Type: Accessibility tool
- Notable Features: Site structure, color contrast ratio, and error icons
- Rating: 4 / 5
- Pricing: free
WAVE is one of the best website optimization tools to point out anything on your website that harms its accessibility. It highlights issues such as missing alt text, color contrast errors, and small font size.
Insert your URL in the Web page address field and press enter to use WAVE. It will show a summary of your website’s accessibility status, along with the details of what you are missing.
The report will show error icons next to text blocks, images, and buttons. If you click on them and select Reference, WAVE will show what they mean, why it matters, and what steps to take.
- Type: Conversion rate optimization tool
- Notable Features: Heatmaps, automatic data capture, and feedback survey
- Rating: 4.4 / 5
- Pricing: freemium
Hotjar is behavior analytics software that shows what your visitors do on your site. It measures visitor interaction and feedback. Hotjar has a free version for small websites and three premium plans:
- Plus for $31/month – offers more insights on on-page targeting, heatmaps, and filter recordings.
- Business for $79/month – includes filter by rage clicks, u-turns, and referrer URLs.
- Scale for $311/month – includes additional one-on-one training, regular check-ins, and early access to beta features.
Once you sign up for Hotjar, choose an installation method – you can insert its code manually on your site or install a plugin. Once the Hotjar tracking code is operational, it will start recording sessions and generating heatmaps.
Hotjar is a great conversion rate optimization tool for landing pages, feedback surveys, and testing. By helping you understand your website visitors better, Hotjar is also one of the best website optimization tools to improve user experience.
Website optimization improves user experience, traffic, ranking, accessibility, and conversion rates. We have listed ten strategies to optimize your website, including optimizing content marketing, improving SEO, and getting customer feedback.
Make sure to track and measure your website’s performance after implementing these strategies. The data to look into includes your website traffic, conversion rates, customer retention, and ranking on SERPs.
We have also shared five website optimization tools to help you implement these strategies. All of these tools focus on different aspects of website optimization.