Dec 06, 2021
How to Check If FTP Port 21 Is Not Blocked
Having issues connecting to your FTP account? If that’s the case, it’s worth checking whether port 21 is the culprit behind the connection failure. In this guide, we’ll show you how to check if your FTP port 21 is open.
How to Check If Port 21 Is Open?
Before we begin, this tutorial will require access to your system console. You can find more information on how to access the system console on Windows, Linux, and macOS in this article.
Here’s how to check whether or not there’s a blockage in FTP port 21:
- Open the system console, then enter the following line. Make sure to change the domain name accordingly. This same command applies to all operating systems.
telnet yourdomain.com 21
- If the FTP port 21 is not blocked, the 220 response will appear. Please note that this message may vary:
220 FTP Server ready.
- If the 220 response doesn’t appear, that means the FTP port 21 is blocked. If that’s the case, we recommend you to contact your ISP to open the port.
Enabling Telnet Client
Since we’re be using a Telnet command to check the connection, you need to ensure that your operating system has Telnet Client enabled.
Telnet is a client-server protocol that enables remote control over computers. In this case, it will help us test the connectivity to FTP port 21. In this example, we’ll be showing how to enable Telnet Client on Windows:
- Press the Window+R keys together, then enter control to open up your Control Panel.
- Navigate to Programs -> Programs and Features. On the left panel, select Turn Windows features on or off.
- In the new dialog box, check the Telnet Client box and click OK.
What Is FTP Port 21?
FTP is an internet protocol that allows computers within the network to exchange files in bulk. In order to work correctly, FTP must use two ports — port 21 for command and control, and port 20 for data transport. An FTP client cannot perform the protocol if it fails to connect to the FTP ports.
Unfortunately, some routers and firewalls block this port because hackers often target FTP servers via port 21.
If you happen to have an FTP connection issue, it’s essential to verify whether or not there’s a blockage in port 21.
Some routers and firewalls block FTP port 21 due to security reasons, so it’s essential to check the port’s connection before performing the File Transfer Protocol. You might also want to check out our articles on solving FTP issues like solving error 421 – too many connections and ECONNREFUSED.
We hope you found this tutorial helpful. If you have any more questions, don’t hesitate to leave a comment down below.